, REGIO VIII
one of the seven hills of Rome, was the religious heart of Rome.
The main temple, in the centre of the picture, is that of Jupiter Capitolinus,
the Best and Holiest. Several times burnt down, always rebuilt at the same place.
It was the political and religious symbol of Rome. Several cities also had their own Capitol.
The hill is composed of two peaks, right the Arx
, and in the foreground the Capitolium
The promontory at the bottom of the picture is the Tarpeian Rock
, as well as the
hundred steps stairs
. It was from the top of this rock that traitors were hurled to their death.
By the end of the Empire, the esplanade was completely covered by sanctuaries and monuments.
The Capitol closes, in the north-west end the depression of the Roman Forum seen in the foreground.